Northern European Collection

Virgin and Child
Virgin and Child

Virgin and Child

South German
15th century
15th century
1486
Silver, parcel-gilt, stones (opal, clear and pale sapphires, garnets, and pale emeralds)
21 × 6 3/4 × 6 3/4 in. (53.3 × 17.1 × 17.1 cm)
AP 2002.03
The subject of this rare example of Late Gothic church sculpture can be identified as the Virgin of the Apocalypse, whose imagery—the aureole of the sun, along with the twelve stars in her crown, and the crescent moon beneath her—is derived from the book of Revelation (12:1–5): “And there appeared a
Jacob Obrecht
Jacob Obrecht

Jacob Obrecht

Netherlandish or French
15th century
15th century
1496
Tempera, oil, and gold on panel
20 1/4 x 14 1/4 in. (51.4 x 36.2 cm)
AP 1993.02
The gilt Gothic inscription on this masterpiece of northern Renaissance portraiture identifies the sitter as Jacob Obrecht (1457/58–1505), a renowned choirmaster and one of the greatest composers of his age.
The Judgment of Paris
The Judgment of Paris

The Judgment of Paris

Lucas Cranach the Elder
German (1472–1553)
16th century
c. 1512–14
Oil on panel
16 15/16 x 12 11/16 in. (43 x 32.2 cm) Framed: 21 x 17 x 2 in. (53.3 x 43.2 x 5.1 cm)
AP 2004.03
This is the first of Cranach’s several versions of The Judgment of Paris. According to Greek and Roman mythology, the goddess of discord tossed an apple labeled “to the fairest” among the Olympian gods.
Portrait of Hendrik III, Count of Nassau-Breda
Portrait of Hendrik III, Count of Nassau-Breda

Portrait of Hendrik III, Count of Nassau-Breda

Jan Gossart, called Mabuse
Netherlandish (c. 1478–1532)
16th century
c. 1516–17
Oil on panel
22 1/2 x 18 1/16 in. (57.2 x 45.8 cm) Framed: 29 1/2 x 26 x 3 1/2 in. (74.9 x 66 x 8.9 cm)
AP 1979.30
Having accompanied his patron Philip of Burgundy to Rome in 1508–9, Jan Gossart was one of the first artists to disseminate the Italian style in the Low Countries. The subject of this portrait is Hendrik III, Count of Nassau-Breda (1483–1538).
The Flight into Egypt
The Flight into Egypt

The Flight into Egypt

Adam Elsheimer
German (1578–1610)
17th century
c. 1605
Oil on silvered copper
3 7/8 x 3 in. (9.8 x 7.6 cm) Framed: 4 x 3 1/2 x 1 in. (10.2 x 8.9 x 2.5 cm)
AP 1994.01
Elsheimer’s directness of vision placed him, along with Caravaggio and Annibale Carracci, in the vanguard of reforming artists working in Rome in the first decade of the seventeenth century. A pioneer in the development of naturalistic landscape, his influence extended to Claude and Rembrandt.
The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Maidens
The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Maidens

The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Maidens

Peter Paul Rubens
Flemish (1577–1640)
17th century
c. 1615–20
Oil on panel
25 3/8 x 19 1/2 in. (64.5 x 49.5 cm) Framed: 36 1/2 x 31 x 4 in. (92.7 x 78.7 x 10.2 cm)
AP 1986.01
Peter Paul Rubens confessed that “my talent is such that no undertaking in size, or how varied in subject, has ever exceeded my confidence and courage.” His monumental works exalting the Church and royal families of Europe are among the grandest accomplishments of the seventeenth century.
Vase of Flowers with a Curtain
Vase of Flowers with a Curtain

Vase of Flowers with a Curtain

Jacques de Gheyn II
Dutch (1565–1629)
17th century
1615
Oil on panel
43 1/4 x 29 5/16 in. (109.8 x 74.5 cm) Framed: 51 3/4 x 37 7/8 x 2 3/4 in. (131.5 x 96.2 x 7 cm)
AP 2008.01
Jacques de Gheyn II was one of the founders of the tradition of flower painting in the Netherlands. This exceptionally large panel is probably “the large vase of flowers surmounted by lilies” owned by De Gheyn’s son.
The Rommel-Pot Player
The Rommel-Pot Player

The Rommel-Pot Player

Frans Hals
Dutch (1582/83–1666)
17th century
c. 1618–22
Oil on canvas
41 3/4 x 31 5/8 in. (106 x 80.3 cm) Framed: 66 x 55 5/8 x 5 3/4 in. (167.6 x 141.3 x 14.6 cm)
ACF 1951.01
The smiling rommel-pot player in this painting by Frans Hals has gathered around him an audience of amused children offering him coins.
Country Road by a House
Country Road by a House

Country Road by a House

Goffredo (Gottfried) Wals
German (c. 1590/95–1638/40)
17th century
1620s
Oil on copper
9 1/4 in. diameter (23.5 cm diameter) Framed: 13 3/4 x 13 3/4 x 1 1/2 in. (34.9 x 34.9 x 3.8 cm)
AP 1991.02
An early example of pure landscape painting, without historical, religious, or literary content, this rare copper panel records the effects of warm light bathing a country road at the close of day.
Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Buckingham
Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Buckingham

Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Buckingham

Peter Paul Rubens
Flemish (1577–1640)
17th century
1625
Oil on panel
18 3/8 x 20 3/8 in. (46.6 x 51.7 cm) Framed: 27 1/2 x 29 3/8 x 2 3/8 in. (69.9 x 74.6 x 6 cm)
AP 1976.08
Peter Paul Rubens was a towering figure in the age of the Baroque, and his influence on later generations of artists was immense. His special position as both painter and diplomat brought him commissions from princely patrons, high-ranking statesmen, and noblemen.
Interior of the Buurkerk, Utrecht
Interior of the Buurkerk, Utrecht

Interior of the Buurkerk, Utrecht

Pieter Jansz. Saenredam
Dutch (1597–1665)
17th century
1645
Oil on panel
22 7/8 x 20 in. (58.1 x 50.8 cm) Framed: 32 1/8 x 29 x 2 7/8 in. (81.6 x 73.7 x 7.3 cm)
AP 1986.09
Following a lengthy apprenticeship with a local Haarlem painter, Pieter Saenredam made a career specializing in what might be termed architectural portraiture.
Rough Sea at a Jetty
Rough Sea at a Jetty

Rough Sea at a Jetty

Jacob van Ruisdael
Dutch (1628/29–1682)
17th century
1650s
Oil on canvas
38 3/4 x 51 3/4 in. (98.5 x 131.4 cm) Framed: 51 x 65 x 4 in. (129.5 x 165.1 x 10.2 cm)
AP 1989.01
Jacob van Ruisdael elevated landscape painting to the level of high art. Recording the familiar wooded hills, flat farmlands, and coastal dunes of the Netherlands, his work went beyond the topographic accuracy of earlier generations to achieve a sense of the monumental grandeur of nature.
Edge of a Forest with a Grainfield
Edge of a Forest with a Grainfield

Edge of a Forest with a Grainfield

Jacob van Ruisdael
Dutch (1628/29–1682)
17th century
c. 1656
Oil on canvas
41 × 57 1/2 in. (104.1 × 146.1 cm)
AP 2014.01
Jacob van Ruisdael, one of the greatest landscape painters of all time, flourished in the latter half of the seventeenth century, Holland’s “Golden Age.” Born in Haarlem in 1628 or 1629, the son of a painter and picture dealer, Ruisdael was probably tutored by his uncle Salomon van Ruysdael, another
Dentist by Candlelight
Dentist by Candlelight

Dentist by Candlelight

Gerrit Dou
Dutch (1613–1675)
17th century
c. 1660–65
Oil on oak panel
14 5/8 x 10 7/8 in. (37.2 x 27.7 cm) Framed: 22 3/4 x 19 x 2 3/8 in. (57.8 x 48.3 x 6 cm)
AP 2002.01
The contemporary of Johannes Vermeer and Pieter de Hooch, Gerrit Dou was the founder of the so-called fijnschilders (“fine painters”) of his native Leiden, notable for the miniaturistic detail and polished surface of their work.
Bust of a Young Jew
Bust of a Young Jew

Bust of a Young Jew

Rembrandt van Rijn
Dutch (1606–1669)
17th century
1663
Oil on canvas
25 7/8 x 22 5/8 in. (65.8 x 57.5 cm)
AP 1977.04
Rembrandt van Rijn is recognized as the greatest Dutch painter of the seventeenth century, famed for his versatility in all genres: portraits, landscapes, and history painting, including secular, religious, and mythological subjects.
Mountain Peak with Drifting Clouds
Mountain Peak with Drifting Clouds

Mountain Peak with Drifting Clouds

Caspar David Friedrich
German (1774–1840)
19th century
c. 1835
Oil on canvas
9 13/16 x 12 1/16 in. (25 x 30.6 cm) Framed: 15 x 17 1/2 x 3 in. (38.1 x 44.5 x 7.6 cm)
AP 1984.08
Friedrich is among the greatest of those Romantic artists in whose work spiritual yearning is the dominant theme.

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