This seal shows a bearded king holding lions aloft by their hind legs, standing atop a pair of human-headed sphinxes. On either side of this group is a standing archer, holding a bow and arrows in his hands, standing on a winged griffin. The iconography of the king holding an upended lion is a central motif in the royal art of the Achaemenid dynasty that ruled Iran in the 6th-4th centuries B.C.
Private collection, Syria.
Private collection, Lebanon, acquired between 1962 and 1968;
(art dealer, New Jersey) by 1981;
(Ward & Company Fine Art, Inc., New York), by 2001;
purchased by Kimbell Art Foundation, Fort Worth, 2001.