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Landscape
Landscape

Landscape

Gong Xian
Chinese (1618–1689)
Qing dynasty (1644–1911)
c. 1650
Hanging scroll; ink on silk
79 x 17 3/16 in. (200.7 x 43.7 cm)
AP 1985.12
The greatest individualist painter of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911), Gong Xian was well educated, an accomplished poet and calligrapher, but lived essentially as an impoverished recluse.
Mucius Scaevola Confronting King Porsenna
Mucius Scaevola Confronting King Porsenna

Mucius Scaevola Confronting King Porsenna

Bernardo Cavallino
Italian (1616–c. 1656)
17th century
c. 1650
Oil on copper
24 1/8 x 35 1/8 in. (61.2 x 89.2 cm) Framed: 36 3/4 x 46 7/8 x 2 1/2 in. (93.4 x 119.1 x 6.4 cm)
AP 1981.02
One of the leading painters of Baroque Naples, Bernardo Cavallino was influenced by masters as diverse as Caravaggio and Rubens. He developed a distinctive manner marked by the dramatic play of light and action.
Rough Sea at a Jetty
Rough Sea at a Jetty

Rough Sea at a Jetty

Jacob van Ruisdael
Dutch (1628/29–1682)
17th century
1650s
Oil on canvas
38 3/4 x 51 3/4 in. (98.5 x 131.4 cm) Framed: 51 x 65 x 4 in. (129.5 x 165.1 x 10.2 cm)
AP 1989.01
Jacob van Ruisdael elevated landscape painting to the level of high art. Recording the familiar wooded hills, flat farmlands, and coastal dunes of the Netherlands, his work went beyond the topographic accuracy of earlier generations to achieve a sense of the monumental grandeur of nature.
Modello for the Fountain of the Moor
Modello for the Fountain of the Moor

Modello for the Fountain of the Moor

Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Italian (1598–1680)
17th century
1653
Terracotta
31 11/16 in. (80.5 cm)
AP 2003.01
Bernini made this dramatic image of a triton (a minor sea-deity of Greek mythology) grappling with a fish atop a gigantic shell as a presentation model for Pope Innocent X Pamphili, who in 1651 commissioned the artist to design a new centerpiece for the fountain at the south end of the Piazza Navona
Four Figures on a Step
Four Figures on a Step

Four Figures on a Step

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Spanish (1617–1682)
17th century
c. 1655–60
Oil on canvas
43 1/4 x 56 1/2 in. (109.9 x 143.5 cm) Framed: 55 1/2 x 69 in. (141 x 175.3 cm)
AP 1984.18
The leading religious painter of Seville and a great master of Spain’s golden age, Murillo was one of the most celebrated of all European artists until his reputation was eclipsed by those of Velázquez and El Greco in the late nineteenth century.
Edge of a Forest with a Grainfield
Edge of a Forest with a Grainfield

Edge of a Forest with a Grainfield

Jacob van Ruisdael
Dutch (1628/29–1682)
17th century
c. 1656
Oil on canvas
41 × 57 1/2 in. (104.1 × 146.1 cm)
AP 2014.01
Jacob van Ruisdael, one of the greatest landscape painters of all time, flourished in the latter half of the seventeenth century, Holland’s “Golden Age.” Born in Haarlem in 1628 or 1629, the son of a painter and picture dealer, Ruisdael was probably tutored by his uncle Salomon van Ruysdael, another
Dentist by Candlelight
Dentist by Candlelight

Dentist by Candlelight

Gerrit Dou
Dutch (1613–1675)
17th century
c. 1660–65
Oil on oak panel
14 5/8 x 10 7/8 in. (37.2 x 27.7 cm) Framed: 22 3/4 x 19 x 2 3/8 in. (57.8 x 48.3 x 6 cm)
AP 2002.01
The contemporary of Johannes Vermeer and Pieter de Hooch, Gerrit Dou was the founder of the so-called fijnschilders (“fine painters”) of his native Leiden, notable for the miniaturistic detail and polished surface of their work.
Pythagoras Emerging from the Underworld
Pythagoras Emerging from the Underworld

Pythagoras Emerging from the Underworld

Salvator Rosa
Italian (1615–1673)
17th century
1662
Oil on canvas
51 5/8 x 74 7/16 in. (131.2 x 189 cm) Framed: 65 x 88 x 4 in. (165.1 x 223.5 x 10.2 cm)
AP 1970.22
Born and educated in Naples, Rosa lived for more than eight years in Florence before settling in Rome in 1649. He was impressed by both the naturalism of Ribera and the classicism of Poussin, but, being extremely independent of spirit and confident of his own genius, he allied himself with no one.
Bust of a Young Jew
Bust of a Young Jew

Bust of a Young Jew

Rembrandt van Rijn
Dutch (1606–1669)
17th century
1663
Oil on canvas
25 7/8 x 22 5/8 in. (65.8 x 57.5 cm)
AP 1977.04
Rembrandt van Rijn is recognized as the greatest Dutch painter of the seventeenth century, famed for his versatility in all genres: portraits, landscapes, and history painting, including secular, religious, and mythological subjects.
Angel with the Superscription and Angel with the Crown of Thorns
Angel with the Superscription and Angel with the Crown of Thorns

Angel with the Superscription and Angel with the Crown of Thorns

Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Italian (1598–1680)
17th century
1668
Terracotta
a: 11 1/2 x 6 3/8 x 5 1/8 in. (29.2 x 16.2 x 13 cm) b: 11 7/8 x 6 x 6 in. (30.2 x 15.2 x 15.2 cm)
AP 1987.02 a,b
The leading sculptor of Baroque Italy, Gianlorenzo Bernini, reshaped the ancient city of Rome in a series of brilliant architectural and sculptural projects that affirmed its identity as the seat of the Roman Catholic Church.
Arhat and Deer
Arhat and Deer

Arhat and Deer

Korean
Joseon dynasty (1392–1910)
Late 17th century
Ink, mineral pigments, and gold on silk
31 x 35 in. (78.7 x 88.9 cm)
AP 1995.06
The blending of Korean Shamanist and traditional Buddhist iconographies can be seen in this painting of an arhat and deer.
Pastoral Landscape
Pastoral Landscape

Pastoral Landscape

Claude Lorrain
French (c. 1604/5–1682)
17th century
1677
Oil on canvas
22 1/2 x 32 3/8 in. (57.2 x 82.2 cm) Framed: 32 x 41 5/8 x 3 1/2 in. (81.3 x 105.7 x 8.9 cm)
APx 1967.04
This is one of at least nine paintings that Claude created for Prince Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna, a great connoisseur and collector, between 1663 and 1682.
Beauty in a Black Kimono
Beauty in a Black Kimono

Beauty in a Black Kimono

Torii Kiyonobu
Japanese (1664–1729)
Edo period (1615–1868)
c. 1710–20
Hanging scroll; ink, colors, and gold on paper
23 7/8 x 10 7/8 in. (60.7 x 27.7 cm)
AP 1988.02
This painting of a young woman dressed in an eye-catching, boldly patterned black kimono is a rare work by the early ukiyo-e artist Torii Kiyonobu, the son of a kabuki actor and theatrical design painter.
Heureux age! Age d'or (Happy Age! Golden Age)
Heureux age! Age d'or (Happy Age! Golden Age)

Heureux age! Age d'or (Happy Age! Golden Age)

Jean-Antoine Watteau
French (1684–1721)
18th century
c. 1716–20
Oil on panel
8 x 9 5/16 in. (20.3 x 23.6 cm) Framed: 14 3/4 x 16 1/2 x 2 3/4 in. (37.5 x 41.9 x 7 cm)
AP 1981.05
As a young man, Watteau came to Paris from Valenciennes, a Flemish town that had recently come under French rule.
Jupiter Among the Corybantes
Jupiter Among the Corybantes

Jupiter Among the Corybantes

Giuseppe Maria Crespi
Italian (1664–1747)
18th century
c. 1730
Oil on copper
26 1/4 x 26 1/4 in. (66.7 x 66.7 cm) Framed: 32 1/2 x 32 3/4 x 2 3/4 in. (82.6 x 83.2 x 7 cm)
AP 1984.17
Giuseppe Maria Crespi, the most innovative Bolognese painter of his day, was especially acclaimed for his intimate genre scenes. His fresh approach also infuses his more traditional subjects, such as Jupiter Among the Corybantes.
The Molo, Venice
The Molo, Venice

The Molo, Venice

Canaletto (Giovanni Antonio Canale)
Italian (1697–1768)
18th century
c. 1735
Oil on canvas
24 1/2 x 39 7/8 in. (62.3 x 101.3 cm) Framed: 33 3/4 x 49 1/8 x 2 3/4 in. (85.7 x 124.8 x 7 cm)
AP 1969.22
Trained by his father as a painter of theatrical scenery, Canaletto gained international renown painting scenes of his native Venice. These vivid and compelling cityscapes were much sought after by British aristocrats who traveled to Italy on the Grand Tour.

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