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Vessel with a Procession of Warriors
Vessel with a Procession of Warriors

Vessel with a Procession of Warriors

Mexico, Usumacinta River Valley, Maya culture
Late Classic period (A.D. 600–900)
c. A.D. 750–850
Polychromed ceramic
H. 6 5/16 in. (16 cm); Diam. 6 5/16 in. (16 cm)
APx 1976.16
This vessel depicts a parade of warriors after a battle. The naked figure is a captive who is being led by an elaborately dressed warrior for sacrificial display. The leader of the party may be the figure wearing a full jaguar pelt and wielding a bloody weapon.
Vessel with Five Figures
Vessel with Five Figures

Vessel with Five Figures

Mexico, Usumacinta River Valley, Maya culture
Late Classic period (A.D. 600–900)
c. A.D. 750–800
Polychromed ceramic
H. 10 3/16 in. (25.8 cm); Diam. 6 1/4 in. (15.8 cm)
AG 1979.02
Processional scenes are a common mode of representation on Maya painted vessels. On each side of this vessel a noble lord prepares to dance with a lady.
Vessel with an Enthroned Lord and Seated Figure
Vessel with an Enthroned Lord and Seated Figure

Vessel with an Enthroned Lord and Seated Figure

Mexico, Xcalumkin (Northern Lowlands), Maya culture
Late Classic period (A.D. 600–900)
A.D. 765
Incised ceramic (fine grayware) with traces of red pigment
H. 9 in. (22.9 cm); Diam. 6 3/4 in. (17.2 cm)
AP 2000.04
This superbly incised Maya vessel depicts a young lord seated upon a low, wooden-basketry throne draped with a fringed jaguar skin. He is elaborately dressed in a luxurious fur or feather cape and wears a feathered headdress inside of which is perched a stuffed monkey.
Bodhisattva Torso
Bodhisattva Torso

Bodhisattva Torso

China, probably Shanxi province
Tang dynasty (618–907)
c. 775–800
Stone, traces of gesso and pigment
39 x 12 15/16 x 8 in. (99 x 32.8 x 20.3 cm)
AP 1987.01
The evolution of Chinese Buddhist sculpture from archaic and columnar to fleshy and sensuous reached its culmination in the Tang dynasty, by which time Chinese Buddhist sculpture in the round shows a masterful adaptation of foreign Indian style to indigenous traditions.
The Bodhisattva Maitreya
The Bodhisattva Maitreya

The Bodhisattva Maitreya

Thailand, Prakhon Chai, Buriram province
Pre-Angkor period (550–802)
Late 8th century A.D.
Bronze
48 1/4 x 20 1/16 x 12 3/8 in. (122.5 x 51 x 31.5 cm)
AP 1965.01
The earliest surviving Buddhist images in Southeast Asia, dating from the fourth and fifth centuries A.D., were the bronzes brought from India and Sri Lanka by merchants and monks. The first locally made images date to the sixth century and demonstrate that regional styles were already developing.
Presentation of Captives to a Maya Ruler
Presentation of Captives to a Maya Ruler

Presentation of Captives to a Maya Ruler

Mexico, Usumacinta River Valley, Maya culture
Late Classic period (A.D. 600–900)
c. A.D. 785
Limestone with traces of paint
45 3/8 x 35 in. (115.3 x 88.9 cm)
AP 1971.07
This carved relief probably served as a wall panel inside a Maya building or as a lintel over an entrance. It depicts the presentation of captives in a palace throne room, indicated by swag curtains at the top of the panel.
Rain God Vessel
Rain God Vessel

Rain God Vessel

Mexico, Colima, El Chanal, Mixtec style
Middle Post Classic period (1200–1400)
c. 1100–1400
Polychromed ceramic
9 3/4 x 8 1/4 x 11 1/4 in. (24.7 x 21 x 28.5 cm)
APx 1974.02
This spouted vessel in the form of a crouching figure represents an important aspect of Mesoamerican religious practice—deity impersonation—by which the gods were brought directly into the world of experience. The disguise portrayed in this piece is a double one, however: warrior and rain god.
Bodhisattva Khasarpana Lokeshvara
Bodhisattva Khasarpana Lokeshvara

Bodhisattva Khasarpana Lokeshvara

India, Bengal
Pala period (750–1174)
c. 11th–12th century
Gray schist
49 3/16 x 31 5/8 x 14 1/8 in. (124.9 x 80.3 x 35.9 cm)
AP 1970.13
The increasing complexity of imagery and iconographic detail in late Pala art paralleled the growing popularity of Esoteric Buddhism in eastern India.
Head, possibly a King
Head, possibly a King

Head, possibly a King

Africa, Southwestern Nigeria, Ife culture
12th–14th century
Terracotta with residue of red pigment and traces of mica
10 1/2 x 5 11/16 x 7 3/8 in. (26.7 x 14.5 x 18.7 cm)
AP 1994.04
The art of Ife, which flourished from the twelfth to the fifteenth century in southwestern Nigeria, in the area occupied by the Yoruba people, is unique in Africa in representing human beings with extraordinary naturalism.
Buddha Enthroned
Buddha Enthroned

Buddha Enthroned

Thailand, Chaiyaphun province
Angkor period (802–1431)
c. 1180–1220
Bronze
69 3/16 x 25 7/8 x 16 1/4 in. (175.7 x 65.7 x 41.3 cm)
AP 1966.09
The identification of Buddhist monarchs with overt symbols of worldly wealth and power was characteristic of the time of the Angkor king Jayavarman VII (1181–c. 1218).
Seated Nyoirin Kannon
Seated Nyoirin Kannon

Seated Nyoirin Kannon

Japan
Kamakura period (1185–1333)
c. 1230–50
Wood with traces of gilt and pigment
19 x 18 x 10 in. (48.3 x 45.7 x 25.4 cm)
AP 1985.15
Kannon is the Japanese name for the Indian Buddhist deity Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion. Because of the boundless love he offered to all beings, this was the most popular of all the Buddhist deities throughout Asia.
Bamboo and Rocks
Bamboo and Rocks

Bamboo and Rocks

Attributed to Tan Zhirui
Chinese (active late 13th to early 14th century)
Yuan dynasty (1279–1368)
c. 1275
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
39 1/2 x 14 15/16 in. (100.3 x 38 cm)
AP 2002.02
This delicate ink painting of bamboo and rocks, a recurrent motif in Chinese painting, has recently been attributed to the Yuan-dynasty (1279–1368) painter Tan Zhirui. The elegantly inscribed poem was added by the Buddhist priest Yishan Yining (1247–1317).
Arhat Taming the Dragon
Arhat Taming the Dragon

Arhat Taming the Dragon

China
Yuan dynasty (1279–1368)
Early 14th century
Hanging scroll; ink and mineral pigments on silk
48 1/4 x 20 3/4 in. (122.5 x 52.7 cm)
AP 1987.03
Arhats (in Chinese, lohans) were the original disciples of the Buddha, enlightened beings of exceptional wisdom, endowed with supernatural powers. One of their primary roles is to serve as guardians and advocates of the Buddhist Law (dharma).
Pink and White Lotus
Pink and White Lotus

Pink and White Lotus

China
Yuan dynasty (1279–1368)
14th century
Hanging scroll; mineral pigments on silk
53 9/16 x 23 7/8 in. (136 x 60.7 cm)
AP 1984.19
The grandeur of this depiction of lotus blossoms, leaves, and seed pods is eloquent testimony to the considerable position accorded the genre of flower painting in China.
The Raising of Lazarus
The Raising of Lazarus

The Raising of Lazarus

Duccio di Buoninsegna
Italian (active 1278–1318)
14th century
1310–11
Tempera and gold on panel
17 1/8 x 18 1/4 in. (43.5 x 46.4 cm) Framed: 20 7/8 x 22 1/8 x 1 7/8 in. (53 x 56.2 x 4.8 cm)
APx 1975.01
Duccio was the preeminent Sienese painter in the early years of the fourteenth century. He infused the prevailing Byzantine style with a more naturalistic, narrative mode.
Returning from a Visit
Returning from a Visit

Returning from a Visit

Zhu Derun
Chinese (1294–1365)
Yuan dynasty (1279–1368)
c. mid-14th century
Handscroll; ink on paper
11 1/8 x 46 15/16 in. (28.2 x 119.3 cm)
AP 1972.06
The Yuan dynasty (1279–1368), during which time the Mongols dominated China, was one of great distress for the Chinese. For the first time in their history, the entire country was under foreign control.

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