European Collection

The Triumph of David
The Triumph of David

The Triumph of David

Attributed to Jan van den Hoecke
Flemish (1611–1651)
17th century
c. 1635
Oil on panel
23 1/16 x 31 1/2 in. (58.5 x 80 cm) Framed: 32 x 40 3/4 x 4 in. (81.3 x 103.5 x 10.2 cm)
AP 1966.03
This oil sketch has recently been attributed to Jan van den Hoecke, a pupil of Rubens in Antwerp. He worked in Rome and then served the Hapsburg court, first in Vienna and later in Brussels.
The Sacrament of Ordination (Christ Presenting the Keys to Saint Peter)
The Sacrament of Ordination (Christ Presenting the Keys to Saint Peter)

The Sacrament of Ordination (Christ Presenting the Keys to Saint Peter)

Nicolas Poussin
French (1594–1665)
17th century
c. 1636-40
Oil on canvas
37 3/4 x 47 7/8 in. (95.9 x 121.6 cm)
AP 2011.01
The Sacrament of Ordination is from one of the most celebrated groups of paintings in the entire history of art. The set depicting each of the Seven Sacraments was commissioned from Poussin by the antiquarian Cassiano dal Pozzo, secretary to Cardinal Francesco Barberini.
Peasant Interior with an Old Flute Player
Peasant Interior with an Old Flute Player

Peasant Interior with an Old Flute Player

Louis (or Antoine?) Le Nain
French (c. 1600/1603–1648)
17th century
c. 1642
Oil on canvas
21 5/16 x 24 7/16 in. (54.1 x 62.1 cm) Framed: 28 1/2 x 32 x 4 1/2 in. (72.4 x 81.3 x 11.4 cm)
AP 1984.22
The Le Nain brothers––Antoine, Louis, and Mathieu––were born in Laon and settled in the artist’s community of Saint-Germain-des-Prés, in Paris, by 1629. The brothers were founding members of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in 1648.
Interior of the Buurkerk, Utrecht
Interior of the Buurkerk, Utrecht

Interior of the Buurkerk, Utrecht

Pieter Jansz. Saenredam
Dutch (1597–1665)
17th century
1645
Oil on panel
22 7/8 x 20 in. (58.1 x 50.8 cm) Framed: 32 1/8 x 29 x 2 7/8 in. (81.6 x 73.7 x 7.3 cm)
AP 1986.09
Following a lengthy apprenticeship with a local Haarlem painter, Pieter Saenredam made a career specializing in what might be termed architectural portraiture.
The Madonna and Child with Saint Martina
The Madonna and Child with Saint Martina

The Madonna and Child with Saint Martina

Pietro da Cortona
Italian (1596–1669)
17th century
c. 1645
Oil on canvas
27 9/16 x 22 13/16 in. (70 x 58 cm) Framed: 39 x 35 1/2 x 3 1/4 in. (99.1 x 90.1 x 8.3 cm)
AP 1984.07
In this devotional painting, Saint Martina, a third-century martyr who was put to death for refusing to worship idols, gazes fervently at the Christ Child while holding the forked iron hook with which she was tortured, and accepting the palm of martyrdom.
Mucius Scaevola Confronting King Porsenna
Mucius Scaevola Confronting King Porsenna

Mucius Scaevola Confronting King Porsenna

Bernardo Cavallino
Italian (1616–c. 1656)
17th century
c. 1650
Oil on copper
24 1/8 x 35 1/8 in. (61.2 x 89.2 cm) Framed: 36 3/4 x 46 7/8 x 2 1/2 in. (93.4 x 119.1 x 6.4 cm)
AP 1981.02
One of the leading painters of Baroque Naples, Bernardo Cavallino was influenced by masters as diverse as Caravaggio and Rubens. He developed a distinctive manner marked by the dramatic play of light and action.
Rough Sea at a Jetty
Rough Sea at a Jetty

Rough Sea at a Jetty

Jacob van Ruisdael
Dutch (1628/29–1682)
17th century
1650s
Oil on canvas
38 3/4 x 51 3/4 in. (98.5 x 131.4 cm) Framed: 51 x 65 x 4 in. (129.5 x 165.1 x 10.2 cm)
AP 1989.01
Jacob van Ruisdael elevated landscape painting to the level of high art. Recording the familiar wooded hills, flat farmlands, and coastal dunes of the Netherlands, his work went beyond the topographic accuracy of earlier generations to achieve a sense of the monumental grandeur of nature.
Modello for the Fountain of the Moor
Modello for the Fountain of the Moor

Modello for the Fountain of the Moor

Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Italian (1598–1680)
17th century
1653
Terracotta
31 11/16 in. (80.5 cm)
AP 2003.01
Bernini made this dramatic image of a triton (a minor sea-deity of Greek mythology) grappling with a fish atop a gigantic shell as a presentation model for Pope Innocent X Pamphili, who in 1651 commissioned the artist to design a new centerpiece for the fountain at the south end of the Piazza Navona
Four Figures on a Step
Four Figures on a Step

Four Figures on a Step

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo
Spanish (1617–1682)
17th century
c. 1655–60
Oil on canvas
43 1/4 x 56 1/2 in. (109.9 x 143.5 cm) Framed: 55 1/2 x 69 in. (141 x 175.3 cm)
AP 1984.18
The leading religious painter of Seville and a great master of Spain’s golden age, Murillo was one of the most celebrated of all European artists until his reputation was eclipsed by those of Velázquez and El Greco in the late nineteenth century.
Edge of a Forest with a Grainfield
Edge of a Forest with a Grainfield

Edge of a Forest with a Grainfield

Jacob van Ruisdael
Dutch (1628/29–1682)
17th century
c. 1656
Oil on canvas
41 × 57 1/2 in. (104.1 × 146.1 cm)
AP 2014.01
Jacob van Ruisdael, one of the greatest landscape painters of all time, flourished in the latter half of the seventeenth century, Holland’s “Golden Age.” Born in Haarlem in 1629 or 1630, the son of a painter and picture dealer, Ruisdael was probably tutored by his uncle Salomon van Ruysdael, another
Dentist by Candlelight
Dentist by Candlelight

Dentist by Candlelight

Gerrit Dou
Dutch (1613–1675)
17th century
c. 1660–65
Oil on oak panel
14 5/8 x 10 7/8 in. (37.2 x 27.7 cm) Framed: 22 3/4 x 19 x 2 3/8 in. (57.8 x 48.3 x 6 cm)
AP 2002.01
The contemporary of Johannes Vermeer and Pieter de Hooch, Gerrit Dou was the founder of the so-called fijnschilders (“fine painters”) of his native Leiden, notable for the miniaturistic detail and polished surface of their work.
Pythagoras Emerging from the Underworld
Pythagoras Emerging from the Underworld

Pythagoras Emerging from the Underworld

Salvator Rosa
Italian (1615–1673)
17th century
1662
Oil on canvas
51 5/8 x 74 7/16 in. (131.2 x 189 cm) Framed: 65 x 88 x 4 in. (165.1 x 223.5 x 10.2 cm)
AP 1970.22
Born and educated in Naples, Rosa lived for more than eight years in Florence before settling in Rome in 1649. He was impressed by both the naturalism of Ribera and the classicism of Poussin, but, being extremely independent of spirit and confident of his own genius, he allied himself with no one.
Bust of a Young Jew
Bust of a Young Jew

Bust of a Young Jew

Rembrandt van Rijn
Dutch (1606–1669)
17th century
1663
Oil on canvas
25 7/8 x 22 5/8 in. (65.8 x 57.5 cm)
AP 1977.04
Rembrandt van Rijn is recognized as the greatest Dutch painter of the seventeenth century, famed for his versatility in all genres: portraits, landscapes, and history painting, including secular, religious, and mythological subjects.
Angel with the Superscription and Angel with the Crown of Thorns
Angel with the Superscription and Angel with the Crown of Thorns

Angel with the Superscription and Angel with the Crown of Thorns

Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Italian (1598–1680)
17th century
1668
Terracotta
a: 11 1/2 x 6 3/8 x 5 1/8 in. (29.2 x 16.2 x 13 cm) b: 11 7/8 x 6 x 6 in. (30.2 x 15.2 x 15.2 cm)
AP 1987.02 a,b
The leading sculptor of Baroque Italy, Gianlorenzo Bernini, reshaped the ancient city of Rome in a series of brilliant architectural and sculptural projects that affirmed its identity as the seat of the Roman Catholic Church.
Pastoral Landscape
Pastoral Landscape

Pastoral Landscape

Claude Lorrain
French (c. 1604/5–1682)
17th century
1677
Oil on canvas
22 1/2 x 32 3/8 in. (57.2 x 82.2 cm) Framed: 32 x 41 5/8 x 3 1/2 in. (81.3 x 105.7 x 8.9 cm)
APx 1967.04
This is one of at least nine paintings that Claude created for Prince Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna, a great connoisseur and collector, between 1663 and 1682.
Heureux age! Age d'or (Happy Age! Golden Age)
Heureux age! Age d'or (Happy Age! Golden Age)

Heureux age! Age d'or (Happy Age! Golden Age)

Jean-Antoine Watteau
French (1684–1721)
18th century
c. 1716–20
Oil on panel
8 x 9 5/16 in. (20.3 x 23.6 cm) Framed: 14 3/4 x 16 1/2 x 2 3/4 in. (37.5 x 41.9 x 7 cm)
AP 1981.05
As a young man, Watteau came to Paris from Valenciennes, a Flemish town that had recently come under French rule.

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