European Collection

The Butcher's Shop is Caracci's forthright portrayal of the tradesmen, with their sober, ceremonious demeanor and clean white aprons.
The Butcher's Shop
The Butcher's Shop
The Butcher's Shop is Caracci's forthright portrayal of the tradesmen, with their sober, ceremonious demeanor and clean white aprons.

The Butcher's Shop

Annibale Carracci
Italian (1560–1609)
16th century
early 1580s
Oil on canvas
23 1/2 x 27 15/16 in. (59.7 x 71 cm) Framed: 30 1/4 x 34 7/8 x 2 3/8 in. (76.8 x 88.6 x 6 cm)
AP 1980.08
Around the time that he painted The Butcher’s Shop, in about 1582, Annibale Carracci joined his older cousin Ludovico and his brother Agostino to found the Carracci Academy in Bologna.
In The Cardsharps, the players are engaged in a game of primero, a forerunner of poker. Engrossed in his cards at left is the dupe, unaware that the older cardsharp signals his accomplice with a raised, gloved hand (the fingertips exposed, better to feel marked cards). At right, the young cheat looks expectantly toward the boy and reaches behind his back to pull a hidden card from his breeches.
The Cardsharps
The Cardsharps
In The Cardsharps, the players are engaged in a game of primero, a forerunner of poker. Engrossed in his cards at left is the dupe, unaware that the older cardsharp signals his accomplice with a raised, gloved hand (the fingertips exposed, better to feel marked cards). At right, the young cheat looks expectantly toward the boy and reaches behind his back to pull a hidden card from his breeches.

The Cardsharps

Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi)
Italian (1571–1610)
16th century
c. 1595
Oil on canvas
37 1/16 x 51 9/16 in. (94.2 x 130.9 cm)
AP 1987.06
Caravaggio was one of the pivotal figures in the history of Western art. In his short lifetime, he created a theatrical style that was as shocking to some as it was new, inspiring others to probe their subject matter for the drama of psychological relationships.
Abraham Leading Isaac to Sacrifice is an oil painting on copper which depicts Abraham leading his beloved son Isaac to be sacrificed at God’s command in a naturalistic landscape.
Abraham Leading Isaac to Sacrifice
Abraham Leading Isaac to Sacrifice
Abraham Leading Isaac to Sacrifice is an oil painting on copper which depicts Abraham leading his beloved son Isaac to be sacrificed at God’s command in a naturalistic landscape.

Abraham Leading Isaac to Sacrifice

Domenichino (Domenico Zampieri)
Italian (1581–1641)
17th century
1602
Oil on copper
12 13/16 x 17 7/16 in. (32.5 x 44.3 cm) Framed: 19 3/4 x 24 1/2 x 2 3/4 in. (50.2 x 62.2 x 7 cm)
AP 1982.03
Domenichino, who is renowned for his large-scale frescoes, history paintings, and altarpieces, became Italy’s leading classical painter in the first half of the seventeenth century.
The Flight into Egypt portrays the Holy Family taking an arduous path through rocky terrain in a naturalistic landscape.
The Flight into Egypt
The Flight into Egypt
The Flight into Egypt portrays the Holy Family taking an arduous path through rocky terrain in a naturalistic landscape.

The Flight into Egypt

Adam Elsheimer
German (1578–1610)
17th century
c. 1605
Oil on silvered copper
3 7/8 x 3 in. (9.8 x 7.6 cm) Framed: 4 x 3 1/2 x 1 in. (10.2 x 8.9 x 2.5 cm)
AP 1994.01
Elsheimer’s directness of vision placed him, along with Caravaggio and Annibale Carracci, in the vanguard of reforming artists working in Rome in the first decade of the seventeenth century. A pioneer in the development of naturalistic landscape, his influence extended to Claude and Rembrandt.
Portrait of Dr. Francisco de Pisa
Portrait of Dr. Francisco de Pisa

Portrait of Dr. Francisco de Pisa

El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)
Greek (active in Italy and Spain) (1541–1614)
16th century
c. 1610–14
Oil on canvas
42 1/8 x 35 7/16 in. (107 x 90 cm) Framed: 58 7/8 x 52 x 3 1/4 in. (149.5 x 132.1 x 8.3 cm)
AP 1977.05
The painter known as El Greco (“the Greek”) was born Domenikos Theotokopoulos in Crete, then a territory of the Venetian Republic, where he trained as an icon painter. Talented and ambitious, he left Crete around 1568 for Venice, and later Rome.
The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Maidens is Peter Paul Reuben's oil sketch of he legend of Saint Ursula's martyrdom.
The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Maidens
The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Maidens
The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Maidens is Peter Paul Reuben's oil sketch of he legend of Saint Ursula's martyrdom.

The Martyrdom of Saint Ursula and the Eleven Thousand Maidens

Peter Paul Rubens
Flemish (1577–1640)
17th century
c. 1615–20
Oil on panel
25 3/8 x 19 1/2 in. (64.5 x 49.5 cm) Framed: 36 1/2 x 31 x 4 in. (92.7 x 78.7 x 10.2 cm)
AP 1986.01
Peter Paul Rubens confessed that “my talent is such that no undertaking in size, or how varied in subject, has ever exceeded my confidence and courage.” His monumental works exalting the Church and royal families of Europe are among the grandest accomplishments of the seventeenth century.
Vase of Flowers with a Curtain is a very large panel of flowers and vase —including precious varieties of tulips— which are painted with scientific exactitude and depth.
Vase of Flowers with a Curtain
Vase of Flowers with a Curtain
Vase of Flowers with a Curtain is a very large panel of flowers and vase —including precious varieties of tulips— which are painted with scientific exactitude and depth.

Vase of Flowers with a Curtain

Jacques de Gheyn II
Dutch (1565–1629)
17th century
1615
Oil on panel
43 1/4 x 29 5/16 in. (109.8 x 74.5 cm) Framed: 51 3/4 x 37 7/8 x 2 3/4 in. (131.5 x 96.2 x 7 cm)
AP 2008.01
Jacques de Gheyn II was one of the founders of the tradition of flower painting in the Netherlands. This exceptionally large panel is probably “the large vase of flowers surmounted by lilies” owned by De Gheyn’s son.
The Rommel-Pot Player is an oil painting by Frans Hals in which smiling rommel-pot player has gathered around him an audience of amused children offering him coins.
The Rommel-Pot Player
The Rommel-Pot Player
The Rommel-Pot Player is an oil painting by Frans Hals in which smiling rommel-pot player has gathered around him an audience of amused children offering him coins.

The Rommel-Pot Player

Frans Hals
Dutch (1582/83–1666)
17th century
c. 1618–22
Oil on canvas
41 3/4 x 31 5/8 in. (106 x 80.3 cm) Framed: 66 x 55 5/8 x 5 3/4 in. (167.6 x 141.3 x 14.6 cm)
ACF 1951.01
The smiling rommel-pot player in this painting by Frans Hals has gathered around him an audience of amused children offering him coins.
Christ and the Woman of Samaria depicts an episode from the Gospel of John in which Jesus at Jacob's well asks a Samarian for water. Guercino's lifelike figures are intensified by a rich palette, emotional composition,  and strong effect of light.
Christ and the Woman of Samaria
Christ and the Woman of Samaria
Christ and the Woman of Samaria depicts an episode from the Gospel of John in which Jesus at Jacob's well asks a Samarian for water. Guercino's lifelike figures are intensified by a rich palette, emotional composition,  and strong effect of light.

Christ and the Woman of Samaria

Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri)
Italian (1591–1666)
17th century
c. 1619-20
Oil on canvas
38 1/4 x 49 1/8 in. (97.2 x 124.8 cm) Framed: 52 3/16 x 62 5/8 in. (132.5 x 159 cm)
AP 2010.01
Guercino was one of the foremost painters of the seventeenth century.
Country Road by a House is purely a landscape painting that records the effects of warm light bathing a country road at the close of day.
Country Road by a House
Country Road by a House
Country Road by a House is purely a landscape painting that records the effects of warm light bathing a country road at the close of day.

Country Road by a House

Goffredo (Gottfried) Wals
German (c. 1590/95–1638/40)
17th century
1620s
Oil on copper
9 1/4 in. diameter (23.5 cm diameter) Framed: 13 3/4 x 13 3/4 x 1 1/2 in. (34.9 x 34.9 x 3.8 cm)
AP 1991.02
An early example of pure landscape painting, without historical, religious, or literary content, this rare copper panel records the effects of warm light bathing a country road at the close of day.
Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Buckingham is Peter Paul Reuben's oil sketch of the duke. The duke lifts his baton as his horse rears on command with the sea below him and winged allegory of Fame with a trumpet above him.
Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Buckingham
Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Buckingham
Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Buckingham is Peter Paul Reuben's oil sketch of the duke. The duke lifts his baton as his horse rears on command with the sea below him and winged allegory of Fame with a trumpet above him.

Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Buckingham

Peter Paul Rubens
Flemish (1577–1640)
17th century
1625
Oil on panel
18 3/8 x 20 3/8 in. (46.6 x 51.7 cm) Framed: 27 1/2 x 29 3/8 x 2 3/8 in. (69.9 x 74.6 x 6 cm)
AP 1976.08
Peter Paul Rubens was a towering figure in the age of the Baroque, and his influence on later generations of artists was immense. His special position as both painter and diplomat brought him commissions from princely patrons, high-ranking statesmen, and noblemen.
Venus and Adonis is Poussin's allegorical oil painting of Venus and Adonis. The lovers recline under a tree while a pair of reclining putti, along with a couple of billing doves, mimic the lovers’ postures.
Venus and Adonis
Venus and Adonis
Venus and Adonis is Poussin's allegorical oil painting of Venus and Adonis. The lovers recline under a tree while a pair of reclining putti, along with a couple of billing doves, mimic the lovers’ postures.

Venus and Adonis

Nicolas Poussin
French (1594–1665)
17th century
c. 1628–29
Oil on canvas
38 3/4 x 53 in. (98.5 x 134.6 cm) Framed: 53 5/8 x 67 3/4 x 5 in. (136.2 x 172.1 x 12.7 cm)
AP 1985.01
Early in his career Poussin traveled to Italy and was introduced to a circle of important Roman patrons including the antiquarian Cassiano dal Pozzo. Poussin’s classicism, nurtured by his knowledge of antique literature and art, was warmed by his study of Venetian painting.
Saint Sebastian Tended by Irene shows Saint Sebastian nursed by the pious Irene, who is tenderly removing the arrows that pierced his body.
Saint Sebastian Tended by Irene
Saint Sebastian Tended by Irene
Saint Sebastian Tended by Irene shows Saint Sebastian nursed by the pious Irene, who is tenderly removing the arrows that pierced his body.

Saint Sebastian Tended by Irene

Attributed to Georges de La Tour
French (1593–1652)
17th century
early 1630s
Oil on canvas
41 1/4 x 54 7/8 in. (104.8 x 139.4 cm) Framed: 50 x 64 3/8 x 3 3/4 in. (127 x 163.5 x 9.5 cm)
AP 1993.04
Saint Sebastian––a Roman soldier who suffered martyrdom around A.D. 300––was nursed by the pious Irene, who, upon discovering him still alive, tenderly removed the arrows that pierced his body.
The Cheat with the Ace of Clubs is Georges de la Tour's masterpiece in which the cheat at the left of the composition tips his cards toward the viewer, who thereby becomes complicit in the scheme, knowing that in the next moment, the conniving trio of cheat, maidservant, and courtesan (identified by her low-cut bodice) will prevail.
The Cheat with the Ace of Clubs
The Cheat with the Ace of Clubs
The Cheat with the Ace of Clubs is Georges de la Tour's masterpiece in which the cheat at the left of the composition tips his cards toward the viewer, who thereby becomes complicit in the scheme, knowing that in the next moment, the conniving trio of cheat, maidservant, and courtesan (identified by her low-cut bodice) will prevail.

The Cheat with the Ace of Clubs

Georges de La Tour
French (1593–1652)
17th century
c. 1630-34
Oil on canvas
38 1/2 x 61 1/2 in. (97.8 x 156.2 cm) Framed: 49 x 72 x 5 in. (124.5 x 182.9 x 12.7 cm)
AP 1981.06
One of the greatest masterpieces of seventeenth-century French art, Georges de La Tour’s Cheat with the Ace of Clubs takes as its subject the danger of indulgence in wine, women, and gambling.
Portrait of Don Pedro de Barberana
Portrait of Don Pedro de Barberana

Portrait of Don Pedro de Barberana

Diego Velázquez
Spanish (1599–1660)
17th century
c. 1631–33
Oil on canvas
78 x 43 7/8 in. (198.1 x 111.4 cm) Framed: 92 1/8 x 58 x 3 1/4 in. (234 x 147.3 x 8.3 cm)
AP 1981.14
Born and trained in Seville, Velázquez moved to Madrid, where he served King Philip IV from 1623. As court painter, his main responsibility was to produce portraits of the royal family and their circle. These remain unsurpassed in their depth of conception and extraordinary painterly technique.
Saint Matthew is Ribera's devotional painting of Saint Matthew in which the saint is intensely lit in a dark background with a naturalism and characterization reminiscent of Caravaggio.
Saint Matthew
Saint Matthew
Saint Matthew is Ribera's devotional painting of Saint Matthew in which the saint is intensely lit in a dark background with a naturalism and characterization reminiscent of Caravaggio.

Saint Matthew

Jusepe de Ribera
Spanish (1591–1652)
17th century
1632
Oil on canvas
50 1/2 x 38 1/2 in. (128.2 x 97.8 cm) Framed: 61 1/2 x 49 1/2 x 3 3/4 in. (156.2 x 125.7 x 9.5 cm)
AP 1966.10
Jusepe de Ribera left his native Spain for Italy as a young man. He is recorded living in Rome by 1612, one of many talented young artists who were held in thrall by Caravaggio’s revolutionary paintings.

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