European Collection

Jacob Obrecht
Jacob Obrecht

Jacob Obrecht

Netherlandish or French
15th century
15th century
1496
Tempera, oil, and gold on panel
20 1/4 x 14 1/4 in. (51.4 x 36.2 cm)
AP 1993.02
The gilt Gothic inscription on this masterpiece of northern Renaissance portraiture identifies the sitter as Jacob Obrecht (1457/58–1505), a renowned choirmaster and one of the greatest composers of his age.
Albarello with Pine Cone Motif
Albarello with Pine Cone Motif

Albarello with Pine Cone Motif

Italian
15th century
c. 1500
Tin-glazed earthenware
12 1/4 x 5 1/2 in. (31.1 x 14 cm)
AP 1979.09
By the late fifteenth century, polychrome wares had replaced the more limited palette of Severe-style majolica, adding new shades of gold and green. Plant forms predominated, particularly an elegantly scrolled “Gothic-floral” leaf motif.
Christ Blessing
Christ Blessing

Christ Blessing

Giovanni Bellini
Italian (c. 1438–1516)
16th century
c. 1500
Tempera, oil, and gold on panel
23 1/4 x 18 1/2 in. (59 x 47 cm) Framed: 31 x 26 x 3 in. (78.7 x 66 x 7.6 cm)
AP 1967.07
Bellini’s Christ Blessing vividly portrays the central mystery of the Christian faith: the incarnation, when Christ––fully human and fully divine––was sent to earth to redeem humankind.
Christ the Redeemer
Christ the Redeemer

Christ the Redeemer

Attributed to Tullio Lombardo
Italian (c. 1455–1532)
16th century
c. 1500–1520
White marble relief
13 3/16 x 12 3/16 x 3 9/16 in. (33.5 x 31 x 9 cm)
AP 2005.04
This marble relief has recently been attributed to the Venetian sculptor Tullio Lombardo. Tullio was well versed in both ancient art and the work of contemporary artists outside Venice, such as Mantegna and Leonardo da Vinci.
Portrait of a Woman, Probably Isabella d’Este
Portrait of a Woman, Probably Isabella d’Este

Portrait of a Woman, Probably Isabella d’Este

Attributed to Gian Cristoforo Romano
Italian (c. 1465–1512)
16th century
c. 1500
Terracotta, formerly polychromed
21 3/8 x 21 1/2 in. (54.3 x 54.6 cm)
AP 2004.01
This rare terracotta portrait bust probably represents Isabella d’Este, Marchioness of Mantua. The most celebrated woman of her day, Isabella d’Este (1474–1539) cultivated one of the most illustrious courts in Renaissance Italy.
The Judgment of Paris
The Judgment of Paris

The Judgment of Paris

Lucas Cranach the Elder
German (1472–1553)
16th century
c. 1512–14
Oil on panel
16 15/16 x 12 11/16 in. (43 x 32.2 cm) Framed: 21 x 17 x 2 in. (53.3 x 43.2 x 5.1 cm)
AP 2004.03
This is the first of Cranach’s several versions of The Judgment of Paris. According to Greek and Roman mythology, the goddess of discord tossed an apple labeled “to the fairest” among the Olympian gods.
Portrait of Hendrik III, Count of Nassau-Breda
Portrait of Hendrik III, Count of Nassau-Breda

Portrait of Hendrik III, Count of Nassau-Breda

Jan Gossart, called Mabuse
Netherlandish (c. 1478–1532)
16th century
c. 1516–17
Oil on panel
22 1/2 x 18 1/16 in. (57.2 x 45.8 cm) Framed: 29 1/2 x 26 x 3 1/2 in. (74.9 x 66 x 8.9 cm)
AP 1979.30
Having accompanied his patron Philip of Burgundy to Rome in 1508–9, Jan Gossart was one of the first artists to disseminate the Italian style in the Low Countries. The subject of this portrait is Hendrik III, Count of Nassau-Breda (1483–1538).
Fortitude and Unidentified Virtue, Possibly Hope
Fortitude and Unidentified Virtue, Possibly Hope

Fortitude and Unidentified Virtue, Possibly Hope

Bambaia (Agostino Busti)
Italian (c. 1483–1548)
16th century
c. 1520–25
Marble
a: 23 13/16 x 9 1/2 x 7 5/8 in. (60.5 x 24.2 x 19.3 cm) b: 26 3/16 x 12 3/8 x 6 1/2 in. (66.5 x 31.5 x 16.5 cm)
AP 1981.12 a,b
Agostino Busti, known as Bambaia, was an important Lombard sculptor, notable for his refined technique and innovative classicism.
The Madonna and Child
The Madonna and Child

The Madonna and Child

Parmigianino (Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola)
Italian (1503–1540)
16th century
c. 1527–30
Oil on panel
17 5/8 x 13 3/8 in. (44.8 x 34 cm) Framed: 24 1/16 x 20 x 2 1/2 in. (61.1 x 50.8 x 6.4 cm)
AP 1995.09
Hailed as the new Raphael, Parmigianino was one of the most influential artists of the sixteenth century, cultivating a mannered gracefulness of pose and physiognomy, combined with new and dramatic coloristic effects, that transformed the classicism of his Renaissance predecessors.
Head of a Woman
Head of a Woman

Head of a Woman

Sebastiano del Piombo (Sebastiano Luciani)
Italian (c. 1485–1547)
16th century
early 1530s
Oil on panel
10 in. diameter (25.4 cm diameter) Framed: 17 x 2 in. (43.2 x 5.1 cm)
AP 1985.08
Notable for the monumental grandeur of his religious paintings and portraits, Sebastiano del Piombo became the preeminent painter in Rome following Raphael’s death in 1520.
The Madonna and Child with a Female Saint and the Infant Saint John the Baptist
The Madonna and Child with a Female Saint and the Infant Saint John the Baptist

The Madonna and Child with a Female Saint and the Infant Saint John the Baptist

Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
Italian (c. 1488–1576)
16th century
1530s
Oil on panel
41 1/2 x 58 3/8 in. (105.4 x 148.3 cm) Framed: 54 1/2 x 71 1/8 x 3 3/4 in. (138.4 x 180.7 x 9.5 cm)
AP 1986.07
More than any other Renaissance master, Titian was acclaimed—in his own lifetime and for centuries thereafter—for his expressive handling of paint and rich use of color. Like his teachers Giovanni Bellini and Giorgione, Titian set many of his religious subjects in a pastoral landscape.
The Supper at Emmaus
The Supper at Emmaus

The Supper at Emmaus

Jacopo Bassano (Jacopo dal Ponte)
Italian (c. 1510–1592)
16th century
c. 1538
Oil on canvas
39 5/8 x 50 5/8 in. (100.6 x 128.6 cm) Framed: 47 x 59 1/4 x 3 1/2 in. (119.4 x 150.5 x 8.9 cm)
APx 1989.03
Jacopo Bassano was one of the most famous and influential masters of the late Renaissance in Italy, admired for his luminous color and sensitively observed incidents from everyday life.
Portrait of a Franciscan Friar
Portrait of a Franciscan Friar

Portrait of a Franciscan Friar

Jacopo Bassano (Jacopo dal Ponte)
Italian (c. 1510–1592)
16th century
c. 1540–42
Oil on canvas
31 11/16 x 27 3/16 in. (80.5 x 69 cm) Framed: 48 3/4 x 44 3/4 x 3 5/8 in. (123.8 x 113.7 x 9.2 cm)
AP 1997.02
In this imposing portrait, Jacopo Bassano applies a vigorous and sharply focused naturalism to portray the distinctive features as well as the spiritual temperament and preoccupations of an unidentified Franciscan friar.
The Adoration of the Magi
The Adoration of the Magi

The Adoration of the Magi

Jacopo Bassano (Jacopo dal Ponte)
Italian (c. 1510–1592)
16th century
after 1555
Oil on jasper
7 1/4 x 5 1/2 in. (18.4 x 14 cm) Framed: 12 3/4 x 11 x 1 5/8 in. (32.4 x 27.9 x 4.1 cm)
AG 1990.01
The subject of the Adoration of the Magi, along with the Adoration of the Shepherds, occupies pride of place in Jacopo Bassano’s repertory.
Portrait of Doge Pietro Loredan
Portrait of Doge Pietro Loredan

Portrait of Doge Pietro Loredan

Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti)
Italian (1518–1594)
16th century
1567–70
Oil on canvas
49 5/8 x 41 15/16 in. (126 x 106.6 cm) Framed: 57 1/2 x 48 3/4 x 4 1/2 in. (146.1 x 123.8 x 11.4 cm)
AP 1986.08
A prolific master of religious and historical works, as well as portraits, Tintoretto developed a rapid, often impetuous manner of painting that was both expressive and expedient.
The Butcher's Shop
The Butcher's Shop

The Butcher's Shop

Annibale Carracci
Italian (1560–1609)
16th century
early 1580s
Oil on canvas
23 1/2 x 27 15/16 in. (59.7 x 71 cm) Framed: 30 1/4 x 34 7/8 x 2 3/8 in. (76.8 x 88.6 x 6 cm)
AP 1980.08
Around the time that he painted The Butcher’s Shop, in about 1582, Annibale Carracci joined his older cousin Ludovico and his brother Agostino to found the Carracci Academy in Bologna.

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