Assyrian Collection

Cylinder Seal with Griffin (Bull and Lion and Inscription not pictured)
Cylinder Seal with Griffin, Bull and Lion and Inscription
Cylinder Seal with Griffin, Bull and Lion and Inscription
Cylinder Seal with Griffin (Bull and Lion and Inscription not pictured)

Cylinder Seal with Griffin, Bull and Lion and Inscription

Assyria (Iraq)
Middle Assyrian period (c. 1300–1100 B.C.)
c. 1300–1200 B.C.
Stone
H. 1 7/16 in. (3.6 cm); Diam. 11/16 in. (1.7 cm)
AP 2001.03
This seal shows a winged griffin dispatching a bull, before a rampant, snarling lion. Epitomizing Mesopotamia miniature art at its best, the artist has taken great care in defining the musculature, fur, and wings of the creatures, which represent divine forces in Mesopotamian religion.
Blue Chalcedony Cylinder Seal with Winged Genius and Human-headed Bulls. All wear the horned headdress of deities and supernatural beings, and have long curled hair and beards.
Cylinder Seal with Winged Genius and Human-headed Bulls
Cylinder Seal with Winged Genius and Human-headed Bulls
Blue Chalcedony Cylinder Seal with Winged Genius and Human-headed Bulls. All wear the horned headdress of deities and supernatural beings, and have long curled hair and beards.

Cylinder Seal with Winged Genius and Human-headed Bulls

Assyria (Iraq)
Neo-Assyrian period (c. 1000–612 B.C.)
c. 700 B.C.
Blue Chalcedony
H. 1 9/16 in. (4 cm); Diam. 7/8 in. (2.2 cm)
AP 2001.04
This seal shows an Assyrian winged genius between rampant, winged, human-headed bulls. All wear the horned headdress of deities and supernatural beings, and have long curled hair and beards.
Pair of Winged Deities are fragments of two such full-length figures enacting a magic purification or protective ritual, in which winged griffin-demons (apkallu, “sages”) or winged anthropomorphic deities, holding ritual “buckets” and pinecone-shaped objects, flank a “Sacred Tree” that they sprinkle with holy water or pollen.
Pair of Winged Deities
Pair of Winged Deities
Pair of Winged Deities are fragments of two such full-length figures enacting a magic purification or protective ritual, in which winged griffin-demons (apkallu, “sages”) or winged anthropomorphic deities, holding ritual “buckets” and pinecone-shaped objects, flank a “Sacred Tree” that they sprinkle with holy water or pollen.

Pair of Winged Deities

Assyria (Iraq)
Reign of Ashurnasirpal II (883–859 B.C.)
c. 874-860 B.C.
Gypsum
a: 36 1/4 x 27 9/16 in. (92 x 70 cm) b: 35 11/16 x 28 15/16 in. (90.7 x 73.5 cm)
AP 1981.04 a,b
The Northwest Palace of Ashurnasirpal II (reigned 883–859 b.c.) at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu) is the earliest of the surviving royal residences of the Assyrian kings, lavishly decorated with monumental gateway figures and reliefs, whose discovery in the mid-nineteenth century created a sensation through