Cylinder Seal with Griffin, Bull and Lion and InscriptionCylinder Seal with Griffin, Bull and Lion and Inscription
Middle Assyrian period (c. 1300–1100 B.C.)
c. 1300–1200 B.C.
H. 1 7/16 in. (3.6 cm); Diam. 11/16 in. (1.7 cm)
This seal shows a winged griffin dispatching a bull, before a rampant, snarling lion. Epitomizing Mesopotamia miniature art at its best, the artist has taken great care in defining the musculature, fur, and wings of the creatures, which represent divine forces in Mesopotamian religion.
Cylinder Seal with Winged Genius and Human-headed BullsCylinder Seal with Winged Genius and Human-headed Bulls
Neo-Assyrian period (c. 1000–612 B.C.)
c. 700 B.C.
H. 1 9/16 in. (4 cm); Diam. 7/8 in. (2.2 cm)
This seal shows an Assyrian winged genius between rampant, winged, human-headed bulls. All wear the horned headdress of deities and supernatural beings, and have long curled hair and beards.
Pair of Winged DeitiesPair of Winged Deities
Reign of Ashurnasirpal II (883–859 B.C.)
c. 874-860 B.C.
a: 36 1/4 x 27 9/16 in. (92 x 70 cm) b: 35 11/16 x 28 15/16 in. (90.7 x 73.5 cm)
AP 1981.04 a,b
The Northwest Palace of Ashurnasirpal II (reigned 883–859 b.c.) at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu) is the earliest of the surviving royal residences of the Assyrian kings, lavishly decorated with monumental gateway figures and reliefs, whose discovery in the mid-nineteenth century created a sensation through