Asian Collection

Four-Armed Ganesha
Four-Armed Ganesha

Four-Armed Ganesha

India, Uttar Pradesh
Gupta period (320–600)
5th–6th century A.D.
Terracotta relief
19 5/16 x 26 3/4 x 8 1/8 in. (49.1 x 67.9 x 20.6 cm)
AP 1981.11
Ganesha is the elephant-headed son of Shiva, one of the three most important deities of the Hindu pantheon, and his consort, the goddess Parvati. He is widely worshiped as the remover of obstacles and the bestower of good fortune, prosperity, and health.
Pedestaled Ceremonial Stand
Pedestaled Ceremonial Stand

Pedestaled Ceremonial Stand

Korean
Silla Kingdom (57 B.C.–A.D. 668)
5th–6th century
Gray stoneware
H. 13 in. (33 cm); Diam. 15 3/4 in. (40 cm)
AP 1996.05
This large pedestal probably served as a support for a large round-bottomed jar. Made for use by the living, it was no doubt later included in a tomb as part of a funerary offering.
Haniwa Seated Man
Haniwa Seated Man

Haniwa Seated Man

Japan, Ibaraki prefecture, Kashima, Hokota site
Kofun period (248–646)
c. A.D. 500
Low-fired clay with cinnabar pigment
29 15/16 x 10 5/8 in. (76 x 27 cm)
AP 1972.02
Haniwa, which means “circle (or tube) of clay,” is the term given to large numbers of hollow clay cylinders that were placed in and around the bases of large earthen mounds covering Japanese royal tombs.
Jar in the Shape of a Stupa
Jar in the Shape of a Stupa

Jar in the Shape of a Stupa

China, Shaanxi, Shandong, or Henan province
Northern Qi period or Sui dynasty (550–577/581–618)
late 6th or early 7th century
Earthenware with traces of painted polychrome pigment
19 1/4 in. (48.9 cm)
AP 1994.06 a,b,c
This unusual pottery jar illustrates the early assimilation of Buddhist motifs to the decoration of Chinese mortuary objects.
Amphora-Shaped Vase
Amphora-Shaped Vase

Amphora-Shaped Vase

China, probably Hebei province
Tang dynasty (618–907)
7th or 8th century A.D.
Stoneware with transparent glaze
H. 14 7/8 in. (37.8 cm); Diam. 7 5/8 in. (19.4 cm)
AP 1969.16
The amphora shape of this vase, modeled after Hellenistic prototypes, has been translated into Chinese idiom by the use of a single color glaze and the substitution of dragon handles for the ordinary loop variety.
Flask
Flask

Flask

Japan
Asuka period (552–645)
7th century A.D.
High-fired clay (Sue ware)
12 3/8 x 10 3/8 x 7 1/4 in. (31.4 x 26.3 x 18.4 cm)
AP 1983.01
This flask exemplifies a type of ceramic vessel produced in the sixth and seventh centuries in Japan for ritual use or for placement in tombs as offerings.
Standing Buddha Shakyamuni
Standing Buddha Shakyamuni

Standing Buddha Shakyamuni

Nepal
Licchavi period (400-750)
7th century
Gilded copper
19 3/4 x 8 x 3 3/8 in. (50.2 x 20.3 x 8.6 cm)
AP 1979.01
This slim, richly gilded figure represents the historical Buddha, Shakyamuni, Sage of the Shakya clan.
Court Lady
Court Lady

Court Lady

China, probably Shaanxi province
Tang dynasty (618–907)
first half of the 8th century
Gray earthenware with painted polychrome decoration
16 5/16 x 7 1/16 x 6 3/8 in. (41.5 x 18 x 16.2 cm)
AP 2001.01
One of the most engaging and distinctive groups of Tang funerary sculpture is the one representing ladies of the court. This animated and charming example stands in a gracefully swayed pose, her petite hands held in a conversational gesture in front of her swelling form.
Earth Spirit
Earth Spirit

Earth Spirit

China, probably Shaanxi province
Tang dynasty (618–907)
first half of the 8th century
Gray earthenware with painted polychrome decoration
31 1/8 x 7 9/16 x 11 1/4 in. (79.1 x 19.2 x 28.5 cm)
AP 2001.02
The inclusion of fantastic animal guardians as part of the retinue of tomb figures began in the Northern Wei dynasty (A.D. 386–534) and continued into the Tang dynasty.
Harihara
Harihara

Harihara

Cambodia, Kompong Cham, style of Prasat Andet
Pre-Angkor period (550–802)
c. 675–700
Stone
45 1/2 x 20 7/8 x 11 in. (115.6 x 53 x 28 cm)
AP 1988.01
The Khmer kingdom controlled Cambodia as well as large areas of Vietnam, Thailand, and Laos from the sixth to the fifteenth centuries.
Ewer with a Short Spout
Ewer with a Short Spout

Ewer with a Short Spout

China
Tang dynasty (618–907)
8th or 9th century
Stoneware with mottled golden brown glaze
H. 7 1/2 in. (19 cm); Diam. 6 5/8 in. (19 cm)
AG 1973.03
This ewer is distinguished by its spherical shape and lustrous brown glaze, which falls short of the base in a sweeping curve, revealing its light buff body. The handle terminates at the rim in a stylized, natural form.
Gigaku Mask of the Karura Type
Gigaku Mask of the Karura Type

Gigaku Mask of the Karura Type

Japan
Nara period (A.D. 710–794)
8th century
Dry lacquer (dakkatsu kanshitsu)
14 x 10 1/8 x 12 in. (35.6 x 25.7 x 30.5 cm)
AP 2005.02
This very striking and expressive Japanese gigaku mask depicts Karura, one of the fourteen characters in the gigaku, a religious dance-drama that was performed for the Japanese royal court at Buddhist temple ceremonies from the 7th to the 10th century.
Bodhisattva Torso
Bodhisattva Torso

Bodhisattva Torso

China, probably Shanxi province
Tang dynasty (618–907)
c. 775–800
Stone, traces of gesso and pigment
39 x 12 15/16 x 8 in. (99 x 32.8 x 20.3 cm)
AP 1987.01
The evolution of Chinese Buddhist sculpture from archaic and columnar to fleshy and sensuous reached its culmination in the Tang dynasty, by which time Chinese Buddhist sculpture in the round shows a masterful adaptation of foreign Indian style to indigenous traditions.
The Bodhisattva Maitreya
The Bodhisattva Maitreya

The Bodhisattva Maitreya

Thailand, Prakhon Chai, Buriram province
Pre-Angkor period (550–802)
Late 8th century A.D.
Bronze
48 1/4 x 20 1/16 x 12 3/8 in. (122.5 x 51 x 31.5 cm)
AP 1965.01
The earliest surviving Buddhist images in Southeast Asia, dating from the fourth and fifth centuries A.D., were the bronzes brought from India and Sri Lanka by merchants and monks. The first locally made images date to the sixth century and demonstrate that regional styles were already developing.
Standing Female Deity
Standing Female Deity

Standing Female Deity

India, Rajasthan or Madhya Pradesh
Medieval period (c. 600–1200)
10th or 11th century
Pinkish tan sandstone
56 3/4 x 22 1/4 x 11 1/4 in. (144.2 x 56.5 x 28.6 cm)
AP 1968.01
Fertility goddesses of different types were an important component of early Indian nature cults and were eventually assimilated into the symbolic repertoire of later Indian religious art.
Hachiman in the Guise of a Buddhist Priest
Hachiman in the Guise of a Buddhist Priest

Hachiman in the Guise of a Buddhist Priest

Japan
Heian period (794–1185)
11th century
Polychromed wood
19 1/4 x 16 1/8 x 12 5/8 in. (48.9 x 41 x 32 cm)
AP 1981.19
The Shinto god Hachiman has enjoyed special prominence throughout Japanese history. He was originally a local military guardian, protecting an agricultural and mining community in Usa.

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