Permanent Collection

Vessel with Two Gods before a Mountain
Vessel with Two Gods before a Mountain

Vessel with Two Gods before a Mountain

Guatemala, Maya culture
Late Classic period (A.D. 600–900)
c. A.D. 700–800
Carved ceramic with traces of pigment
H. 6 5/8 in. (16.8 cm); Diam. 6 7/8 in. (17.5 cm)
AP 1980.10
The elaborate mythological scene on this vessel, carved in low relief in the leather-hard clay before firing, achieves at a smaller scale much the same effect as the Maya stone relief carvings.
Ewer with a Short Spout
Ewer with a Short Spout

Ewer with a Short Spout

China
Tang dynasty (618–907)
8th or 9th century
Stoneware with mottled golden brown glaze
H. 7 1/2 in. (19 cm); Diam. 6 5/8 in. (19 cm)
AG 1973.03
This ewer is distinguished by its spherical shape and lustrous brown glaze, which falls short of the base in a sweeping curve, revealing its light buff body. The handle terminates at the rim in a stylized, natural form.
Gigaku Mask of the Karura Type
Gigaku Mask of the Karura Type

Gigaku Mask of the Karura Type

Japan
Nara period (A.D. 710–794)
8th century
Dry lacquer (dakkatsu kanshitsu)
14 x 10 1/8 x 12 in. (35.6 x 25.7 x 30.5 cm)
AP 2005.02
This very striking and expressive Japanese gigaku mask depicts Karura, one of the fourteen characters in the gigaku, a religious dance-drama that was performed for the Japanese royal court at Buddhist temple ceremonies from the 7th to the 10th century.
Vessel of the Ik’ Dancer
Vessel of the Ik’ Dancer

Vessel of the Ik’ Dancer

Guatemala, Maya culture
Precolumbian
Late Classic period (A.D. 600–900)
c. A.D. 750
Polychromed ceramic
H. 8 3/4 in. (22.3 cm); Diam. 4 3/8 in. (11.1 cm)
AP 1985.10
This vessel depicts a Maya lord nicknamed the Fat Cacique, ruler of the Ik’ polity. The action of the scene is divided between the interior and exterior of a palace building raised on a low platform with two steps.
Vessel with a Procession of Warriors
Vessel with a Procession of Warriors

Vessel with a Procession of Warriors

Mexico, Usumacinta River Valley, Maya culture
Late Classic period (A.D. 600–900)
c. A.D. 750–850
Polychromed ceramic
H. 6 5/16 in. (16 cm); Diam. 6 5/16 in. (16 cm)
APx 1976.16
This vessel depicts a parade of warriors after a battle. The naked figure is a captive who is being led by an elaborately dressed warrior for sacrificial display. The leader of the party may be the figure wearing a full jaguar pelt and wielding a bloody weapon.
Vessel with Five Figures
Vessel with Five Figures

Vessel with Five Figures

Mexico, Usumacinta River Valley, Maya culture
Late Classic period (A.D. 600–900)
c. A.D. 750–800
Polychromed ceramic
H. 10 3/16 in. (25.8 cm); Diam. 6 1/4 in. (15.8 cm)
AG 1979.02
Processional scenes are a common mode of representation on Maya painted vessels. On each side of this vessel a noble lord prepares to dance with a lady.
Vessel with an Enthroned Lord and Seated Figure
Vessel with an Enthroned Lord and Seated Figure

Vessel with an Enthroned Lord and Seated Figure

Mexico, Xcalumkin (Northern Lowlands), Maya culture
Late Classic period (A.D. 600–900)
A.D. 765
Incised ceramic (fine grayware) with traces of red pigment
H. 9 in. (22.9 cm); Diam. 6 3/4 in. (17.2 cm)
AP 2000.04
This superbly incised Maya vessel depicts a young lord seated upon a low, wooden-basketry throne draped with a fringed jaguar skin. He is elaborately dressed in a luxurious fur or feather cape and wears a feathered headdress inside of which is perched a stuffed monkey.
Bodhisattva Torso
Bodhisattva Torso

Bodhisattva Torso

China, probably Shanxi province
Tang dynasty (618–907)
c. 775–800
Stone, traces of gesso and pigment
39 x 12 15/16 x 8 in. (99 x 32.8 x 20.3 cm)
AP 1987.01
The evolution of Chinese Buddhist sculpture from archaic and columnar to fleshy and sensuous reached its culmination in the Tang dynasty, by which time Chinese Buddhist sculpture in the round shows a masterful adaptation of foreign Indian style to indigenous traditions.
The Bodhisattva Maitreya
The Bodhisattva Maitreya

The Bodhisattva Maitreya

Thailand, Prakhon Chai, Buriram province
Pre-Angkor period (550–802)
Late 8th century A.D.
Bronze
48 1/4 x 20 1/16 x 12 3/8 in. (122.5 x 51 x 31.5 cm)
AP 1965.01
The earliest surviving Buddhist images in Southeast Asia, dating from the fourth and fifth centuries A.D., were the bronzes brought from India and Sri Lanka by merchants and monks. The first locally made images date to the sixth century and demonstrate that regional styles were already developing.
Presentation of Captives to a Maya Ruler
Presentation of Captives to a Maya Ruler

Presentation of Captives to a Maya Ruler

Mexico, Usumacinta River Valley, Maya culture
Late Classic period (A.D. 600–900)
c. A.D. 785
Limestone with traces of paint
45 3/8 x 35 in. (115.3 x 88.9 cm)
AP 1971.07
This carved relief probably served as a wall panel inside a Maya building or as a lintel over an entrance. It depicts the presentation of captives in a palace throne room, indicated by swag curtains at the top of the panel.
Xipe Totec
Xipe Totec

Xipe Totec

Mexico, Nahua culture
Postclassic period (900–1521)
c. 900–1200
Ceramic
15 3/4 x 6 5/8 x 3 7/8 in. (40 x 16.8 x 9.8 cm)
AP 1979.39
Xipe Totec, the Aztec god of spring and regeneration, appears in many Mesoamerican cults. A fertility deity, Xipe Totec vividly conveys the concept of death and rebirth by wearing the flayed skin of a sacrificial victim.
Standing Female Deity
Standing Female Deity

Standing Female Deity

India, Rajasthan or Madhya Pradesh
Medieval period (c. 600–1200)
10th or 11th century
Pinkish tan sandstone
56 3/4 x 22 1/4 x 11 1/4 in. (144.2 x 56.5 x 28.6 cm)
AP 1968.01
Fertility goddesses of different types were an important component of early Indian nature cults and were eventually assimilated into the symbolic repertoire of later Indian religious art.
Hachiman in the Guise of a Buddhist Priest
Hachiman in the Guise of a Buddhist Priest

Hachiman in the Guise of a Buddhist Priest

Japan
Heian period (794–1185)
11th century
Polychromed wood
19 1/4 x 16 1/8 x 12 5/8 in. (48.9 x 41 x 32 cm)
AP 1981.19
The Shinto god Hachiman has enjoyed special prominence throughout Japanese history. He was originally a local military guardian, protecting an agricultural and mining community in Usa.
Head of a Jina
Head of a Jina

Head of a Jina

India, Rajasthan or Madhya Pradesh
Medieval period (c. 600–1200)
11th century
Gray pink sandstone
30 3/8 x 26 1/4 x 21 in. (77.1 x 66.7 x 53.3 cm)
AG 1968.01
This massive head belonged to a colossal statue representing one of the twenty-four saviors of the Jain religion.
Melon-Shaped Ewer
Melon-Shaped Ewer

Melon-Shaped Ewer

China
Song dynasty (960–1279)
11th or 12th century
Porcelain with pale greenish blue glaze (Qingbai ware)
H. 6 in. (15.2 cm); Diam. 5 7/8 in. (14.9 cm)
AG 1976.01
Qingbai ware, prized for its elegant restraint, was produced near the great ceramic center of Jingdezhen in Jiangxi province, in south China. These delicate porcelains are distinguished by a clear, bluish white glaze over incised, combed, or molded decoration.
Mirror with Dragons
Mirror with Dragons

Mirror with Dragons

China
Song dynasty (960–1279)
11th–13th century
Bronze
9 1/4 in. diameter (23.5 cm diameter)
AG 1973.07
Bronze mirrors were essential items in the toilet sets of aristocratic ladies; they survive because of the East Asian custom of placing them in tombs. As with other luxury goods so deposited, the mirrors were meant to be used by the dead in the spirit world.

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