Permanent Collection

Orpheus Lamenting Eurydice
Orpheus Lamenting Eurydice

Orpheus Lamenting Eurydice

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
French (1796–1875)
19th century
c. 1861–65
Oil on canvas
16 1/2 x 24 in. (41.9 x 61 cm) Framed: 24 1/4 x 31 3/8 x 4 in. (61.6 x 79.7 x 10.2 cm)
ACF 1961.03
The celebrated landscape painter Corot was among the leading members of the so-called Barbizon school, which was committed to working directly from nature. But he was active at the same time as a painter of dreamlike fantasy landscapes.
La Pointe de la Hève at Low Tide
La Pointe de la Hève at Low Tide

La Pointe de la Hève at Low Tide

Claude Monet
French (1840–1926)
19th century
1865
Oil on canvas
35 1/2 x 59 1/4 in. (90.2 x 150.5 cm) Framed: 47 x 70 1/2 x 5 in. (119.4 x 179.1 x 12.7 cm)
AP 1968.07
This beautiful beach scene near Le Havre, where the artist grew up, was one of two landscapes that launched Monet’s career when exhibited in 1865 at the Paris Salon, the vast, well-attended survey of contemporary art sponsored by the French government.
Roe Deer at a Stream
Roe Deer at a Stream

Roe Deer at a Stream

Gustave Courbet
French (1819–1877)
19th century
1868
Oil on canvas
38 3/8 x 51 1/8 in. (97.5 x 129.8 cm) Framed: 49 3/4 x 62 1/4 x 4 3/4 in. (126.4 x 158.1 x 12.1 cm)
AP 1968.02
Courbet was an avid hunter and painted such works as Roe Deer at a Stream—in which he seems to approach the deer, his quarry unobserved—to appeal to patrons who shared his sporting interests.
French River Scene
French River Scene

French River Scene

Charles-François Daubigny
French (1817–1878)
19th century
1871
Oil on panel
15 x 26 3/4 in. (38.1 x 68 cm) Framed: 24 3/4 x 36 3/8 in. (62.9 x 92.4 cm)
AP 1969.20
Daubigny was one of the foremost painters of the Barbizon school, a group of French artists active from the 1830s who celebrated the French landscape in their paintings during a period of unbridled industrialization and urbanization.
Near Sydenham Hill
Near Sydenham Hill

Near Sydenham Hill

Camille Pissarro
French (1830–1903)
19th century
1871
Oil on canvas
17 1/8 x 21 1/16 in. (43.5 x 53.5 cm)
AP 1971.21
Camille Pissarro was one of the leading figures of the French Impressionist movement. He took part in the first Impressionist show in 1874 and was the only member to show his work in all eight exhibitions organized by the group.
Drying Nets
Drying Nets

Drying Nets

Alfred Sisley
French (1839–1899)
19th century
1872
Oil on canvas
16 9/16 x 25 9/16 in. (42 x 65 cm)
APx 1977.01
Sisley, whose parents were British, grew up in Paris and met Renoir and Monet at art school in 1862. Very few of Sisley’s 1860s works are known today, since the artist lost nearly everything during the invasion of France by Prussian troops in 1870.
The Stonecutters
The Stonecutters

The Stonecutters

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
French (1796–1875)
19th century
c. 1872–74
Oil on canvas
32 1/2 x 40 in. (82.6 x 101.6 cm) Framed: 43 x 50 x 4 1/2 in. (109.2 x 127 x 11.4 cm)
AP 1994.08
The Stonecutters featured in the posthumous retrospective of Corot’s work held in 1875 in Paris––the first public homage to the fame of the deceased master––where it was purchased by a Parisian, Dr. Cambay.
Waterfall and Monkeys
Waterfall and Monkeys

Waterfall and Monkeys

Shibata Zeshin
Japanese (1807–1891)
Meiji period (1868–1911)
1872
Hanging scroll; ink and light colors on silk
73 7/8 x 44 3/4 in. (187.7 x 113.7 cm)
AP 1984.12
Shibata Zeshin was the outstanding Japanese lacquer artist and painter of the nineteenth century. An energetic and prolific artist, he earned distinction during his lifetime for paintings that showed unusual creativity. Zeshin painted several works in which animals mimic human behavior.
Portrait of Charles Carpeaux, the Sculptor's Brother
Portrait of Charles Carpeaux, the Sculptor's Brother

Portrait of Charles Carpeaux, the Sculptor's Brother

Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux
French (1827–1875)
19th century
1874
Terracotta
27 x 19 1/2 x 15 in. (68.6 x 49.5 x 38.1 cm)
AP 1984.21
Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux was much sought after as a portraitist by prominent sitters, including members of the French imperial household. Among his finest busts is this posthumous portrait of his older brother, Charles, a musician, who died in 1870 after long suffering.
Kneeling Mother and Child
Kneeling Mother and Child

Kneeling Mother and Child

Africa, Tanzania-Mozambique border area, Makonde people
late 19th century
Wood
14 1/2 x 5 3/8 x 4 3/4 in. (36.8 x 13.6 x 12 cm)
AP 1979.37
Among the few East African peoples who make sculptures in any quantity, the Makonde produce unusually naturalistic figures.
On the Pont de l’Europe
On the Pont de l’Europe

On the Pont de l’Europe

Gustave Caillebotte
French (1848–1894)
19th century
1876–77
Oil on canvas
41 5/8 x 51 1/2 in. (105.7 x 130.8 cm) Framed: 55 11/16 x 65 3/4 x 4 15/16 in. (141.5 x 167 x 12.5 cm)
AP 1982.01
Although his closest artist friends were Monet and Renoir, the key advocates for loose brushwork and bright color, Caillebotte preferred the sort of conventional draftsmanship and unaffected urban subjects dear to their fellow Impressionist Degas.
Portrait of Georges Clemenceau
Portrait of Georges Clemenceau

Portrait of Georges Clemenceau

Edouard Manet
French (1832–1883)
19th century
1879–80
Oil on canvas
45 5/8 x 34 3/4 in. (115.9 x 88.2 cm) Framed: 59 1/4 x 48 1/4 x 3 in. (150.5 x 122.6 x 7.6 cm)
AP 1981.01
Shortly after he became prime minister of France in 1906, Georges Clemenceau (1841–1929) ordered Manet’s controversial painting of Olympia to be transferred from the Musée du Luxembourg (where contemporary art was relegated) to the Louvre, thus granting it old master status.
Dancer Stretching
Dancer Stretching

Dancer Stretching

Edgar Degas
French (1834–1917)
19th century
c. 1882–85
Pastel on pale blue gray paper
18 3/8 x 11 11/16 in. (46.7 x 29.7 cm) Framed: 18 3/8 x 11 11/16 in. (46.7 x 29.7 cm)
AP 1968.04
By 1872 Degas had begun to specialize in genre scenes of women at work, especially music-hall performers and ballet dancers.
Self-Portrait
Self-Portrait

Self-Portrait

Paul Gauguin
French (1848–1903)
19th century
1885
Oil on canvas
25 11/16 x 21 3/8 in. (65.2 x 54.3 cm) Framed: 37 1/2 x 33 1/4 x 2 3/4 in. (95.3 x 84.5 x 7 cm)
AP 1997.03
Gauguin assumed his role as renegade artist in 1885. Rather than remain jobless in Copenhagen with his Danish wife and their five children, the former stockbroker decided now to return to Paris to follow his restless artistic conscience.
Skeletons Warming Themselves
Skeletons Warming Themselves

Skeletons Warming Themselves

James Ensor
Belgian (1860–1949)
19th century
1889
Oil on canvas
29 7/16 x 23 5/8 in. (74.8 x 60 cm) Framed: 39 1/2 x 33 1/2 x 3 in. (100.3 x 85.1 x 7.6 cm)
AP 1981.20
James Ensor was one of the most original painters of the late nineteenth century. Populated with masks and skeletons, his macabre images are morbid commentaries on the human condition, his hometown of Ostend on the North Sea, Belgian history, and his own mortality.
After the Bath, Woman Drying Her Hair
After the Bath, Woman Drying Her Hair

After the Bath, Woman Drying Her Hair

Edgar Degas
French (1834–1917)
19th century
c. 1895
Charcoal on yellow tracing paper
24 7/16 x 27 5/16 in. (62 x 69.3 cm)
AP 1995.04
In 1855, the twenty-year-old Degas visited the acclaimed Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, who was seventy-four at the time, to report that a family friend had agreed to lend a painting of a nude by Ingres to an exhibition.

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