Permanent Collection

Venus at Vulcan's Forge
Venus at Vulcan's Forge

Venus at Vulcan's Forge

François Boucher
French (1703–1770)
18th century
1769
Oil on canvas
107 11/16 x 80 9/16 in. (273.5 x 204.7 cm) Framed: 110 3/4 x 83 3/4 x 2 1/2 in. (281.3 x 212.7 x 6.4 cm)
AP 1972.09
In this canvas, Boucher goes to the heart of Virgil’s narrative in the eighth book of The Aeneid, in which Venus induces Vulcan to forge arms for her mortal son Aeneas, champion of the Trojans against the Greeks.
Two Gibbons Reaching for the Moon
Two Gibbons Reaching for the Moon

Two Gibbons Reaching for the Moon

Ito Jakuchu
Japanese (1713–1800)
Edo period (1615–1868)
c. 1770
Hanging scroll; ink on paper
45 1/4 x 19 1/16 in. (114.9 x 48.4 cm)
AP 2005.01
This charming painting depicts a mother gibbon dangling her baby by the arm as she hangs from a tendril suspended from a tree. The title of the painting is a reference to the Zen Buddhist concept that simple people and animals often mistake the reflection of the moon for the moon itself.
Standing Oba
Standing Oba

Standing Oba

Africa, Southern Nigeria, Benin City, Kingdom of Benin
late 18th century
Bronze (or brass)
22 5/8 x 7 1/8 x 7 3/4 in. (57.4 x 18.1 x 19.7 cm)
AP 1970.04
Benin City is the center of an ancient culture that has flourished for centuries in southern Nigeria. From the early seventeenth century there are accounts by Europeans of the extensive architectural use of cast metal (actually brass) relief panels and other objects.
The Fountain
The Fountain

The Fountain

Hubert Robert
French (1733–1808)
18th century
c. 1775–78
Oil on canvas
44 1/2 x 35 1/2 in. (113 x 90.2 cm) Framed: 54 x 44 1/2 x 4 1/2 in. (137.2 x 113 x 11.4 cm)
AP 1970.15
In 1754, Hubert Robert went to Rome in the entourage of his protector, the Comte de Stainville, French Ambassador to the Holy See. In Italy he visited the sites of classical antiquity and the captivating gardens around Rome, including the Villa d’Este in Tivoli.
Portrait of Aymard-Jean de Nicolay, Premier Président de la Chambre des Comptes
Portrait of Aymard-Jean de Nicolay, Premier Président de la Chambre des Comptes

Portrait of Aymard-Jean de Nicolay, Premier Président de la Chambre des Comptes

Jean-Antoine Houdon
French (1741–1828)
18th century
1779
Marble
35 7/16 x 29 1/8 in. (90 x 74 cm)
AP 1991.01
In his portraits of the men of letters and nobility of the Enlightenment, Houdon created an entirely new genre, in which he achieved spontaneity and informality of expression without compromising the decorous and elevated presentation of his sitters.
Landscape with a Solitary Traveler
Landscape with a Solitary Traveler

Landscape with a Solitary Traveler

Yosa Buson
Japanese (1716–1784)
Edo period (1615–1868)
c. 1780
Hanging scroll; ink and light colors on silk
39 15/16 x 14 5/16 in. (101.5 x 36.4 cm)
AP 1981.18
The nanga (southern painting) school, also called bunjinga (literati painting), was one of the two most dynamic schools of Japanese painting during the eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth century.
Portrait of Mrs. Andrew Reid
Portrait of Mrs. Andrew Reid

Portrait of Mrs. Andrew Reid

George Romney
British (English) (1734–1802)
18th century
c. l780–88
Oil on canvas
91 7/8 x 56 3/4 in. (233.4 x 144.2 cm) Framed: 105 x 69 x 4 5/8 in. (266.7 x 175.3 x 11.7 cm)
ACF 1957.03
Known for his refined and elegant manner, George Romney enjoyed the highest reputation among British portraitists after Reynolds and Gainsborough.
Venice from the Bacino di San Marco
Venice from the Bacino di San Marco

Venice from the Bacino di San Marco

Francesco Guardi
Italian (1712–1793)
18th century
c. 1780
Oil on canvas
24 3/8 x 37 1/2 in. (61.9 x 95.3 cm) Framed: 32 1/2 x 45 1/8 x 4 in. (82.6 x 114.6 x 10.2 cm)
AP 1970.19
Little is known about Francesco Guardi. Members of his family were active as painters of devotional works, and he initially worked with his older brother, Antonio, as a figure painter.
Self-Portrait
Self-Portrait

Self-Portrait

Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun
French (1755–1842)
18th century
c. 1781
Oil on canvas
25 1/2 x 21 1/4 in. (64.8 x 54 cm) Framed: 34 x 29 x 5 in. (86.4 x 73.7 x 12.7 cm)
ACK 1949.02
This youthful self-portrait depicts Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun at the age of about twenty-six, several years after she painted the first of her many portraits of Queen Marie-Antoinette.
Courtesan Playing the Samisen
Courtesan Playing the Samisen

Courtesan Playing the Samisen

Isoda Koryusai
Japanese (active c. 1764–1788)
Edo period (1615–1868)
c. 1785
Hanging scroll; ink and gold on silk
15 1/2 x 19 1/2 in. (39.4 x 49.5 cm)
AP 1984.23
This painting is a late masterwork by Isoda Koryusai, who was an important and prolific ukiyo-e painter and printmaker in the last quarter of the eighteenth century, a time when Koryusai and other artists showed a keen fascination with the natural world.
Portrait of Janet Anderson
Portrait of Janet Anderson

Portrait of Janet Anderson

Henry Raeburn
British (Scottish) (1756–1823)
18th century
late 1780s
Oil on canvas
35 1/2 x 27 1/2 in. (90.2 x 69.8 cm) Framed: 45 1/2 x 38 x 3 3/4 in. (115.6 x 96.5 x 9.5 cm)
ACF 1954.06
Like The Allen Brothers, this portrait dates from early in Henry Raeburn’s career. A recent cleaning has brought out the broadly applied, “square” brushstrokes that are the hallmark of his technique, especially in the painting of the clothes.
Portrait of Miss Anna Ward with Her Dog
Portrait of Miss Anna Ward with Her Dog

Portrait of Miss Anna Ward with Her Dog

Joshua Reynolds
British (English) (1723–1792)
18th century
1787
Oil on canvas
55 3/4 x 44 3/4 in. (141.6 x 113.7 cm) Framed: 67 3/8 x 56 1/2 x 4 3/4 in. (171.1 x 143.5 x 12.1 cm)
ACF 1948.03
Painted in 1787, two years before Reynolds lost his sight, this portrait of Anna Ward represents the eight-year-old illegitimate daughter of John, second Viscount Dudley and Ward, and Mrs. Mary Baker, whom Lord Dudley later married.
Fukurojin, the God of Longevity and Wisdom
Fukurojin, the God of Longevity and Wisdom

Fukurojin, the God of Longevity and Wisdom

Ito Jakuchu
Japanese (1713–1800)
Edo period (1617–1868)
c. 1790
Hanging scroll; ink and light colors on paper
45 5/8 x 22 1/4 in. (115.9 x 56.5 cm)
APx 1986.02
This humorous image depicts Fukurojin, one of a group of Chinese divinities called the “Seven Household Gods,” who were also popular folk deities in Japan.
The Allen Brothers (Portrait of James and John Lee Allen)
The Allen Brothers (Portrait of James and John Lee Allen)

The Allen Brothers (Portrait of James and John Lee Allen)

Henry Raeburn
British (Scottish) (1756–1823)
18th century
early 1790s
Oil on canvas
60 x 45 1/2 in. (152.4 x 115.6 cm) Framed: 68 x 54 1/2 x 4 in. (172.7 x 138.4 x 10.2 cm)
AP 2002.05
Henry Raeburn was the leading portraitist in Edinburgh, Scotland, a center of the intellectual and artistic movement known as the Enlightenment, from about 1790 until his death in 1823.
Portrait of the Matador Pedro Romero
Portrait of the Matador Pedro Romero

Portrait of the Matador Pedro Romero

Francisco de Goya
Spanish (1746–1828)
18th century
c. 1795–98
Oil on canvas
33 1/8 x 25 9/16 in. (84.1 x 65 cm)
AP 1966.12
Francisco de Goya, the most important Spanish painter after Velázquez, was, like his predecessor, a master portraitist. This portrait depicts Pedro Romero (1754–1839), one of the greatest toreadors of all time, idolized for his courage and control as well as his handsome appearance.
Beauty in a White Kimono
Beauty in a White Kimono

Beauty in a White Kimono

Rekisentei Eiri
Japanese (active c. 1790–1800)
Edo period (1615–1868)
c. 1800
Hanging scroll; ink and mineral pigments on paper
48 13/16 x 10 3/8 in. (124 x 26.3 cm)
AP 1981.10
This decorative hanging scroll shows a courtesan, who pauses to glance seductively over her left shoulder, proudly displaying her magnificent white kimono and outer cloak, which are designed in a variety of delicate geometric patterns.

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