Warrior Ancestor Figure

Africa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
area of Lualaba, Luika, and Lukuga rivers, Hemba people
19th century
Wood
33 1/8 x 10 1/4 x 9 1/8 in. (84.1 x 26 x 23.2 cm)
AP 1979.03
Currently On View
This dignified figure of a Hemba warrior, with his upright posture and lofty, outward gaze, would have served as the focus for the veneration of its ancestors among one of the Hemba peoples of the central and eastern Congo. Each clan possessed such an ancestral effigy that was revered as the image of a founder, both actual and ideal. As a receptacle for the ancestor’s spirit, the figure is both conceptually and stylistically universalized; it is not concerned with the specific or momentary. Such figures were preserved in funerary houses or chiefs’ houses and expressed the continuing relationship between the living and the dead. Reflecting the cult of the warrior assimilated from the Luba people, the Kimbell ancestor figure holds a large parade knife in his right hand and a lance in his left. As extensions of his arms, his weapons symbolize his courage and masculine physical prowess. These emblems of power, along with the carefully trimmed beard and the characteristic, cruciform headdress, probably allude to the office of war chief. Retaining overall the columnar stability of the living tree from which it was carved, the sculptor has structured the image from bold spherical and cylindrical forms, enlivened by the interplay of forceful diagonals and stabilizing horizontals.

Provenance

Frank D. Lambrecht, Congo and Brussels. (Armando Scamperle, Rome and Paris). (Jacques Kerchache [born 1942], Paris) to the mid-1970s); purchased by (Ben Heller, Inc., New York) possibly from (Jacques Kerchache) by 1975; purchased by Kimbell Art Foundation, Fort Worth, 1979.